Bone cancer can begin in any bone in the body, but it most commonly affects the pelvis or the long bones in the arms and legs. Bone cancer is rare, making up less than 1 percent of all cancers. However, bone cancer does affect feet.
Some types of bone cancer occur primarily in children, while others affect mostly adults. Surgical removal is the most common treatment, but chemotherapy and radiation therapy also may be utilized. The decision to use surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy is based on the type of bone cancer being treated.
The most common symptom of bone cancer is pain in a bone or joint that doesn’t go away and may be made worse by exercising. The pain may worsen at night.
Signs and symptoms of bone cancer include:
The cause of most bone cancers is unknown. A small number of bone cancers have been linked to hereditary factors, while others are related to previous radiation exposure.
It's not clear what causes bone cancer, but certain factors are associated with an increased risk, including: