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Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) & Diabetes

 

Foot Condition of the Week:

Ulcers

In the presence of PVD, the diabetic foot is highly compromised.The severity of PVD increases the risk of non-healing ulcers and amputations.  

A foot ulcer is an open sore on the foot. Ulcers can be shallow, red craters that involve  only the surface skin. They can also can be very deep. 

A deep foot ulcer may be a crater that extends through the full thickness of the skin. It may involve tendons, bones and other deep structures.

If an infection occurs in an ulcer and is not treated right away, it can develop into:

  • An abscess (a pocket of pus)
  • A spreading infection of the skin and underlying fat (cellulitis)
  • A bone infection (osteomyelitis)
  • Gangrene is an area of dead, darkened body tissue caused by poor blood flow.


Diabetes is a chronic condition in which the body can’t produce enough insulin or can’t use insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that converts the food we eat into glucose or sugar.

Over time, high levels of glucose can damage the blood vessels making it harder for blood to flow through the body, causing high risk to develop Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD).

The low blood flow causes damage in the tissues, especially in the tissues in the feet, leading to possible amputations. People with diabetes and PVD are in an even higher risk of a lower-limb amputation.

People with diabetes can protect themselves against PVD by:

    • Taking all precautions given by their doctor;
    • Keeping blood pressure and cholesterol at healthy levels;
    • Eating a healthy diet;
    • Exercising;
    • Maintaining a healthy body weight;
    • Smoking cessation and,
    • Visiting a Podiatrist to treat and prevent foot conditions related to PVD and diabetes.

Diabetes & PVD Statistics


           

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